Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

outside her territorial boundaries, can in any way alter this state of affairs/
Acting under pressure of this public opinion (the deciding point being
the resolution of the National Council) the Polish Government, DB
February 25, issued a declaration in answer to the charges conveyed in
the Soviet propaganda.
The Declaration was worded as follows :—
cc The Polish Government affirms that neither before the outbreak of
this war, nor during it, has the Polish nation ever agreed to any co-op nation
with the Germans against the Soviet Union. In her relations with the
U.S.S.R., Poland has not ceased to be ready to co-operate with the Soviet
Union in the prosecution of the war and in maintaining friendly, neigh-
bourly relations after the victory.
cc The Polish Government repudiates most definitely the malicious pro-
paganda which accuses Poland of indirect or direct inimical tendencies
towards Soviet Russia. It is absolutely absurd to suspect Poland of
intentions to base the eastern boundaries of the Polish Republic on the
Dniepr and the Black Sea, or to impute to Poland any tendencies to move
her frontier farther to the east.
c< The Polish Government, which represents the Poland as she was
within the boundaries of 1939, and first among the Allied nations to take
tip the fight imposed on her, has, from the moment of the conclusion of the
Polish-Soviet Treaty of July 30, 1941, maintained the unchangeable
attitude that, so far as the question of frontiers between Poland and Soviet
Russia are concerned, the status quo previous to September 1, 1939, is in
force %3 and considers the undermining of this attitude, which is in con-
formity with the Atlantic Charter, as detrimental to the unity of the Allied
cc The Polish Government considers the close co-operation and con-
fidence between all the Allies as an indispensable factor for victory and
permanent peace, and condemns all acts and suggestions tending to wreck
or weaken the common front of the United Nations."
The attitude of the Kremlin was such that, after one and a half years,
the Polish Government was left with no alternative but to inform the
world of the true facts of the existing situation. It was no longer possible
to conceal the truth, since the powerful apparatus of Soviet propaganda
had already created a strong anti-Polish current among the British and
American Press. Poland, whose cause had stood out clearly in 1939,
now, it seemed, found herself placed in a very dubious position. Soviet
imperialist claims had been presented in such a manner that to the in-
sufficiently, or rather, the one-sidedly, informed reader, these claims
seemed reasonable and just. The downward trend of Poland's stock in
Britain and the U.S.A. had begun. It must be born in mind that the
Soviets, like Hitler, commenced their diplomatic attacks by every
assurance of their strictly limited intentions. In 1941, Stalin, had been
ready to settle the Polish question formally, perhaps holding on to a few
* frontier districts/ as a concession to his prestige. As the German threat
diminished, so his price rose—it remained, as yet, at half the Polish
territories. But it was clear to every Pole who recalled the history of the
Russian action in the eighteenth century, which had ended with the